Before that time, it was ruled by the Spanish as the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
It had, of course, been previously inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years.
Pueblo peoples ruled over much of the region before the arrival of Europeans.
These people worshipped a god named Montezuma, and they believed that he had come to them from the Aztec culture that thrived in the region of modern-day Mexico.
The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe.
Its name means “Holy Faith” in Spanish.
The American actor Will Rogers said about Santa Fe that “whoever designed this town did so while riding on a jackass backwards and drunk.”
But the interesting juxtaposition of different architectural styles linked by meandering little lanes just adds to the city’s charm.
It is the jewel in the crown of New Mexico.
However, the largest city — by population size — in New Mexico is Albuquerque.
Albuquerque hosts the International Balloon Fiesta, the largest gathering of hot-air balloons anywhere in the world.
The city sits atop the Rio Grande, which runs down across the Mexican border before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean at the Gulf of Mexico.
Other major cities in New Mexico include Las Cruces and Rio Rancho.
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